:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (Winter 2017 2017) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2017, 6(1): 32-38 Back to browse issues page
Optimization of Continuous Flow Adsorption of Heavy Metal Ions on Continuous System Column by Peganum Harmala Seeds
Elhameh Mohammadpour, Mohammad Reza Yaftian, Abasali Zamani, Parvin Gharbani *
Department of Chemistry, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran
Abstract:   (2729 Views)

Background & Aims of the Study: Heavy metals discharge to environment is a worldwide problem growing in scale. When they accumulate in the environment and in food chains, they can profoundly disrupt biological processes. Peganum Harmala Seeds (PHS) was used as a bio-sorbent, using a continuous system for removing Pb2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions from aqueous solutions.

Materials and Methods: PHS was used as adsorbent in adsorption of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. A stock solution of Pb(II), Co(II), Cu (II) and Ni (II) was prepared and experiments were down in a column as a reactor. The concentration was determined by atomic adsorption spectroscopy. The effect of various parameters such as pH, contact time, heavy metal concentration, ionic strength, particle size and adsorbent dosage on the process was investigated. Langmuir, Frundlich and Temkin isotherms were studied to evaluate of adsorption isotherms.

Results: The adsorption efficiency was found to be pH dependent and enhanced by increasing the solution pH. Maximum removal of ions were obtained at pH=4-8. The equilibrium time was attained after 30 min and desorption studies were performed, using diluted HNO3, H2SO4 and HCl solution (1M) on adsorbed metal ions from PHS. Results illustrated that adsorbed metal ions could be recovered under acidic conditions. Investigation of the process kinetic was best fitted with pseudo second-order model. Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin models were tested for describing the equilibrium data. The Langmuir isotherm illustrated the best description of the cobalt and copper adsorption mechanism and Freundlich model describes lead and nickel ions adsorption on PHS.

Conclusion: It was found that PHS would be a good adsorbent for removal of heavy metals.

Keywords: Peganum harmala seeds, Adsorption, Adsorbent, Continuous Flow, Heavy Metals, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 671 kb]   (1337 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2016/07/1 | Accepted: 2016/11/21 | Published: 2016/12/29

XML     Print

Volume 6, Issue 1 (Winter 2017 2017) Back to browse issues page