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Arch Hyg Sci 2021, 10(1): 21-29 Back to browse issues page
Kinetic Investigation of Degradation of 4-Nitrotoluene in Aqueous Environment by MnO2/Clinoptilolite/O3 Process
Shabnam Pourfalatoon , Hossein Mazaheri * , Ali Hassani Joshaghani , Aref Shokri
Department of Chemical Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (104 Views)
Background & Aims of the Study: 4-Nitrotoluene (4NT) is a toxic, resistant, and carcinogenic pollutant. The current study aimed to investigate the degradation and mineralization of 4NT regarded as one of the components of petrochemical wastewater using MnO2/Clinoptilolite (CP)/O3 process. The present study also examined the effect of several operational parameters.
Materials and Methods:  Synthesized wastewater was used in this study. It is proposed to apply a radical mechanism by the generation of an anion radical (   prior to hydroxyl radical in order to describe the interaction between ozone and MnO.
Results: The obtained findings of the present study are not similar to those of the ozonation process alone. In ozonation, 4NT removal was positively affected by higher pH due to the formation of hydroxyl radicals. The degradation efficiency values of 4NT in optimum pH for the ozonation and MnO2/CP/O3 processes were reported as 89.0 and 98.5% within 75 min of reaction, respectively.
Conclusion: In addition, it was obviously shown that the degradation efficiency of 4NT was higher at neutral pH conditions (pH=7) in catalytic ozonation. The removal of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) increased from 50% (only ozonation) to 69.5% (MnO2/CP/O3) after 75 min of reaction. The kinetic of degradation was pseudo first-order. Furthermore, the degradation and relative mineralization of 4NT were estimated by high-performance liquid chromatography and COD, respectively.
Keywords: Catalytic ozonation, Chemical oxygen demand (COD), MnO2 nanocatalyst, Nitrites, 4-Nitrotoluene (4NT), Oxygen-Chemical synthesis, Wastewater
Full-Text [PDF 727 kb]   (34 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (20 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2020/11/14 | Accepted: 2020/12/1 | Published: 2021/01/19
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Pourfalatoon S, Mazaheri H, Hassani Joshaghani A, Shokri A. Kinetic Investigation of Degradation of 4-Nitrotoluene in Aqueous Environment by MnO2/Clinoptilolite/O3 Process. Arch Hyg Sci. 2021; 10 (1) :21-29
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