:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2021) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2021, 10(1): 11-20 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Organizational and Personal Factors on Intention to Stay with Organizations among the Workers of a Cement Company Using Structural Equation Modeling
Mohammad Khandan , Fatemeh Hosseini, Behzad Shahreki , Soheila Barahouei , Somayeh Yadollahifar *
Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Abstract:   (116 Views)
Background & Aims of the Study: Management and leadership style is one of the characteristics that can be of great help to organizations in the competitive world of industries and organizations. On the other hand, individual factors can also play a decisive role in organizational issues. In competition with other organizations, the retention of human resources which is a daunting challenge for numerous organizations is also regarded as a competitive organizational advantage (8). The present study aimed to determine the role of organizational and individual factors on employeeschr('39') intention to stay with an organization in one of the cement factories in southern Iran in 2018.
Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study 142 participants who were randomly selected from among all operational workers on fixed day shifts and rotational shiftwork. Data collection tools included the following questionnaires: a researcher-made demographic form, body map, the intention to stay questionnaire, safety leadership questionnaire developed by Tabibi, and paternalistic management scale designed by Cherry. The obtained data were analyzed in LISREL and SPSS software (version 20) using descriptive and analytical methods, as well as structural equation modeling.
Results: The used instruments were reported to be reliable rendering a Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient of > 0.7. The results of the body map questionnaire demonstrated that 31 (23.9%) employees reported pain in the lower back as painful and very painful, which was higher than pain scores in other parts of the body. Moreover, paternalistic management, safety leadership, and stress did not show a significant effect on the variables of authoritarianism, musculoskeletal disorders, and the intention to stay, respectively (P> 0.05).
Conclusion: As evidenced by the obtained results, when people in authority assume a paternal role in organizations and receive the expected responses from their subordinates, they will witness a remarkable decrease in employeeschr('39') intention to leave their present organization.   
Keywords: Intention to stay, Musculoskeletal disorders, Paternalistic management, Safety leadership
Full-Text [PDF 633 kb]   (55 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (20 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Occuptional Health
Received: 2020/11/4 | Accepted: 2020/11/24 | Published: 2021/01/19
1. 1. Mir Kamali SMA, Karami MR. Study of Relation between Ethic Leadership Perception of Managers and Personnel Performance. Journal of Development & Evolution Mnagement. 2016;24:11-22. [in Persian]
2. Ghare M, Hesami L. Managerial styles and motivation for career advancement and job stress in employees of the Ministry of Sport and Youth. Scientific Journal Of Organizational Behavior Management in Sport Studies. 2016;3(3):65-74. [in Persian]
3. Rehman M, Afsar B. The impact of paternalistic leadership on organization commitment and organization citizenship behaviour. Journal of Business Management and Applied Economics. 2012;5(5):148-59.
4. Ekradi E, Sadafi Musavi S. Investigating mediator role of psychological contract in the relationship between paternalistic leadership and turnover intention. Quarterly of Counseling Culture and Psychotherapy. 2018;9(35):99-116. [in Persian]
5. Tabibi S, Rezaie Mohammadi Z, Allahviranloo T, Taghdisi M. A Survey on the Validity and Reliability of Safety Leadership Questionnaire in Vehicle Manufacturing Industries. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2014;10(3):25-34. [in Persian]
6. Homayounfar M, Fadaei Eshkiki M, Sedaghat R. The effect of safety management system practices, ethical leadership and self-efficacy on safety behaviour of workers in hard and harmful jobs in manufacturing industries of Guilan province. Iranian Journal of Ergonomics. 2018;6(1):65-74. [in Persian] [DOI:10.30699/jergon.6.1.65]
7. Conchie SM, Taylor PJ, Charlton A. Trust and distrust in safety leadership: mirror reflections? Safety Science. 2011;49(8-9):1208-14. [DOI:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.04.002]
8. Tavakkolinejad H, Jazanee N, Memarzadetehran G, Afsharkazemi M. Identification and Prioritization of the Factors Affecting Employee Retention. Journal of Research in Human Resources Management. 2017;8(4):155-85. [in Persian]
9. Kazemi F, Zare A, Sepehry S, Roostaee S. The impact of organizational toxic climate on intention to leave job among female nursing: explaining the role mediator of stress and job burnout. quarterly Journal of Woman & Society. 2018;8(32):75-102. [in Persian]
10. Liberman L. The impact of a paternalistic style of management and delegation of authority on job satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Chile and the US. Innovar. 2014;24(53):187-96. [DOI:10.15446/innovar.v24n53.43944]
11. Amponsah-Tawiah K, Ntow MAO, Mensah J. Occupational health and safety management and turnover intention in the Ghanaian mining sector. Safety and health at work. 2016;7(1):12-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.shaw.2015.08.002]
12. Elçi M, Şener İ, Aksoy S, Alpkan L. The impact of ethical leadership and leadership effectiveness on employees' turnover intention: The mediating role of work related stress. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012;58:289-97. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.1003]
13. Ganji-Arjenaki M, Dalvi M. The Impact of ethical leadership on job stress and occupation turnover intention in nurses of hospitals affiliated to Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Shahrekord Uuniversity of Medical Sciences. 2014;16(1):121-8. [in Persian]
14. Chen S-C. Paternalistic leadership and cabin crews' upward safety communication: The motivation of voice behavior. Journal of Air Transport Management. 2017;62:44-53. [DOI:10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.02.007]
15. Chukwusa J. Autocratic leadership style: Obstacle to success in academic libraries. Library Philosophy and Practice. 2018;1.
16. Cicei CC. Occupational stress and organizational commitment in Romanian public organizations. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012;33:1077-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.01.288]
17. Mosadeghrad AM. Occupational stress and turnover intention: implications for nursing management. International journal of health policy and management. 2013;1(2):169-76. [DOI:10.15171/ijhpm.2013.30]
18. Golparvar M, Javadian Z, Adibi Z, Mosahebi MR, Ahmadi A. The Relationship between Job Stress with Turnover and Task Performance with Consider the Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction. Iran Occupational Health. 2013;10(1):33-42. [in Persian]
19. Choobineh A, Rajaeefard A, Neghab M. Association between perceived demands and musculoskeletal disorders among hospital nurses of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences: a questionnaire survey. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. 2006;12(4):409-16. [DOI:10.1080/10803548.2006.11076699]
20. Chung Y-C, Hung C-T, Li S-F, Lee H-M, Wang S-G, Chang S-C, et al. Risk of musculoskeletal disorder among Taiwanese nurses cohort: a nationwide population-based study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2013;14(1):144. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2474-14-144]
21. Health and Safety Statistics. Summary statistics for Great Britain 2018. https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/overall/hssh1718.pdf
22. Piranveyseh P, Motamedzade M, Mohammad Fam I, Soltanzadeh A, Moghimbeigi A. Effects of psychosocial factors on prevalence of musculoskeletal discomfort in VDT workers. journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. 2016;23(2):233-40. [in Persian]
23. Ardalan M, Erfanizadeh F. The relation between attitude toward organizational change and job stress: Testing the mediator role of organizational commitment. Management. 2017;9(1):1-23. [in Persian]
24. Dehnavi S, Vahedi A, Moghimbeigi A. The effects of ergonomic interventions in manual activities to reduce musculoskeletal disorders in manual activities by ManTRA. Iranian Journal of Ergonomics. 2017;4(4):57-67. [in Persian] [DOI:10.21859/joe-04048]
25. Youcef S, Ahmed S, Ahmed B. The Impact of Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intention by the Existence of Organizational Commitment, and Intent to Stay as Intermediates Variables Using approach PLS in Sample Worker Department of Transport Saida. Management. 2016;6(6):198-202.
26. Zigarmi D, Nimon K, Houson D, Witt D, Diehl J. The work intention inventory: Initial evidence of construct validity. Journal of Business Administration Research. 2012;1(1):24-42. [DOI:10.5430/jbar.v1n1p24]
27. Kaygisizel E, otken AB. Is Paternalistic Leadership a Source of Job Stress? International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research 2015;3(11):44-53.
28. Khaleghinejad A, Ziaaldini M. Relationship between employees' safety climate and safety performance with respect to mediating effect of safety knowledge and safety motivation in Sarcheshmeh copper complex. Health and safety at work. 2015;5(4):69-86. [in Persian]
29. Hulland, J. Use of partial least squares (PLS) in strategic management research: a review of four recent studies. Strategic Management Journal, 1999. 20(2): p. 195-204. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(199902)20:2<195::AID-SMJ13>3.0.CO;2-7 [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(199902)20:23.0.CO;2-7]
30. Deghati A. Identifying Driver of Maintenance of Manpower in Birjand University of Medical Sciences. Public Management Researches. 2019;11(42):271-94. [in Persian]
31. Karimi M, Shajaee S. Studying the relationship between paternalistic leadership and employees' voice emphasizing on moderator role of knowledge sharing of employees at branches of Saderat Bank in Golestan Province. Quarterly Journal of Public Organzations Management. 2015;3(2):21-40. [in Persian]
32. Gonçalves MB, Fischer FM, Lombardi M, Ferreira RM. Work activities of practical nurses and risk factors for the development of musculoskeletal disorders. Journal of human ergology. 2001;30(1-2):369-74.
33. Ren Yeh H, Kuang Chi H, Chiou C-Y. The influences of paternalistic leadership, job stress, and organizational commitment on organizational performance: an empirical study of policemen in Taiwan. The Journal of International Management Studies. 2008;3(2):85-91.
34. Huning TM, Thomson NF, editors. The impact of performance attributions and job satisfaction on turnover intentions. Allied Academies International Conference Academy of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict Proceedings; 2010: Jordan Whitney Enterprises, Inc.

XML     Print

Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2021) Back to browse issues page