[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2021) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2021, 10(1): 1-10 Back to browse issues page
Photocatalytic Degradation of Dye Pollutant in Synthetic Wastewater by Nano-Fe3O4 Based on Clinoptilolite Zeolite
Maryam Sabonian * , Kazem Mahanpoor
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (180 Views)
Background & Aims of the Study: One of the most important environmental pollutants in the alcohol industry is sugar beet molasses. The wastewater of these industries causes the pollution of soil, surface water, and underground water. Iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles have attracted much consideration due to their unique properties, such as superparamagnetism, surface-to-volume ratio, greater surface area, and easy separation methodology. Accordingly, clinoptilolite zeolite has been used due to the low cost and abundance. The purpose of this study was to remove organic and dye pollutants from the wastewater using a new catalyst that can be separated from aqueous solution by magnetic methods and take a step toward the preservation of the environment.
Materials and Methods: In this study, a new catalyst was prepared by supporting magnetite (Fe3O4) on clinoptilolite zeolite, and the characterization of this catalyst was  studied by using scanning electron microscopy images, X-ray diffraction patterns, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption.
Results: The experiments were performed in different operational conditions, such as the amounts of photocatalyst and pH. The mathematical equation for estimating the percentage of dye pollutant removal was obtained using the Box-Behnken experimental design. The optimal conditions were determined as the amount of photocatalyst equal to 200 mg L-1, pH equal to 2, and concentration of H2O2 equal to 25 ppm. Removal efficiency in the optimal condition was reported as 85.10%.
Conclusion: The obtained results of the present study showed that the photocatalytic process can be suitable for the removal of dye pollutants from the alcohol industrial wastewater using the supported Fe3O4 nanoparticles on zeolite clinoptilolite.
Keywords: Alcohols, Box-behnken design, Clinoptilolite zeolite, Environmental pollutants, Fe3O4, Nanoparticles, Water decolorization
Full-Text [PDF 756 kb]   (82 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (38 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2019/07/24 | Accepted: 2020/11/16 | Published: 2020/12/15
1. 1. Aslam M, Ismail IM, Salah N, Chandrasekaran S, Qamar M, Hameed A. Evaluation of sunlight induced structural changes and their effect on the photocatalytic activity of V2O5 for the degradation of phenols. J Hazard Mater 2015;286:127-135. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.12.022]
2. Dhaka S, Kumar R, Lee SH, Kurade MB, Jeon BH. Degradation of ethyl paraben in aqueous medium using advanced oxidation processes: Efficiency evaluation of UV-C supported oxidants. J Clean Prod 2018;180: 505−513. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.197]
3. Shokri A. Investigation of UV/H2O2 process for removal of ortho-toluidine from industrial wastewater by response surface methodology based on the central composite design. Desalin Water Treat 2017;58:258-266. [DOI:10.5004/dwt.2017.0292]
4. Shokri A. A kinetic study and application of electro Fenton process for the remediation of the aqueous environment containing toluene in a batch reactor. Russ J Appl Chem 2017;90:452−57. [DOI:10.1134/S1070427217030193]
5. Shokri A, Mahanpoor K, Soodbar D. Degradation of Ortho-Toluidine in petrochemical wastewater by ozonation, UV/O3, O3/H2O2 and UV/O3/H2O2 processes. Desalin Water Treat 2015;57:16473-82. [DOI:10.1080/19443994.2015.1085454]
6. Shokri A. The treatment of spent caustic in the wastewater of olefin units by ozonation followed by electrocoagulation process. Desalin Water Treat 2018;111:173-182. [DOI:10.5004/dwt.2018.22248]
7. Junwu L, Zhixiang Z, Kaihui Z, Yucheng W. Preparation and characterization of Fe3+-doped nanometer TiO2 photocatalysts. J Wuhan Univ Technol Mater Sci Ed 2006;21:57-60. [DOI:10.1007/BF02840880]
8. Sabonian M, Behnajady MA. Artificial neural network modeling of Cr(VI) photocatalytic reduction with TiO2-P25 nanoparticles using the results obtained from response surface methodology optimization. Desalin Water Treat 2014;1-11. [DOI:10.1080/19443994.2014.963161]
9. Sabonian M, Mahanpoor K. Preparation of ZnO Nano catalyst supported on todorokite and photocatalytic efficiency in the reduction of chromium (VI) pollutant from aqueous solution. Iran J Catal 2019.
10. Shokri A. Degradation of 2-nitrophenol from petrochemical wastewater by ozone. Russ J Appl Chem 2015;88:2038−43. [DOI:10.1134/S10704272150120216]
11. Peng H, Hu C, Hu J, Tian X, Wu T. Fe3O4@mZnO nanoparticles as magnetic and microwave responsive drug carriers. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 2016;226:140-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.micromeso.2015.11.052]
12. Hernández-Beltrán NA, Olguín MT. Elemental composition variability of clinoptilolite-rich tuff after the treatment with acid phosphate solutions. Hydrometallurgy 2007;89:374-78. [DOI:10.1016/j.hydromet.2007.09.003]
13. Arefi Pour A, Sharifnia S, NeishaboriSalehi R, Ghodrati M. Performance evaluation of clinoptilolite and 13X zeolites in CO2 separation from CO2/CH4 mixture. J Nat Gas Sci Eng 2015;26:1246-53. [DOI:10.1016/j.jngse.2015.08.033]
14. Shokri A, Mahanpoor K, Soodbar D. Degradation of 2-nitrophenol from petrochemical wastewater by UV/NiFe2O4/Clinoptilolite process. Fresenius Environ Bull 2016;25:500-508.
15. Kirboga S, Oner M. Application of experimental design for the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the presence of biopolymer. Powder Technol 2013;249:95-104. [DOI:10.1016/j.powtec.2013.07.015]
16. Mohadesi M, Shokri A. Treatment of oil refinery wastewater by photo-Fenton process using Box-Behnken design method: kinetic study and energy consumption. Int J Environ Sci Technol 2018;1-8. [DOI:10.1007/s13762-018-2153-5]
17. Khajeh M. Application of Box-Behnken design in the optimization of a magnetic nanoparticle procedure for zinc determination in analytical samples by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. J Hazard Mater 2009;172:385-89. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.025]
18. Ferreira SLC, Bruns RE, Ferreira HS, Matos GD, David JM, Brandao GC, da Silva EGP, Portugal LA, dos Reis PS, Souza AS, dos Santos WNL. Box- Behnken design: An alternative for the optimization of analytical methods. Anal Chim Acta 2007;597:179-186. [DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2007.07.011]
19. Tafreshi N, Sharifnia S, Moradi Dehaghi S. Box-Behnken experimental design for optimization of ammonia photocatalytic degradation by ZnO/Oak charcoal composite. Process Saf Environ Prot 2017;106:203-210. [DOI:10.1016/j.psep.2017.01.015]
20. Ambrosio E, Lucca DL, Garcia MHB, de Souza MTF, de S Freitas TKF, de Souza RP, Visentainer JV, Garcia JC. Optimization of photocatalytic degradation of biodiesel using TiO2/H2O2 by experimental design. Sci Total Environ 2017;581-582:1-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.11.177]
21. Zeynolabedin R, Mahanpoor K. Preparation and characterization of nano-spherical CoFe2O4 supported on copper slag as a catalyst for photocatalytic degradation of 2-nitrophenol in water. J Nanostructure Chem 2017;7:67-74. [DOI:10.1007/s40097-017-0216-7]
22. Shokri A, Rabiee F, Mahanpoor K. Employing a novel nanocatalyst (Mn/Iranian Hematite) for oxidation of SO2 pollutant in aqueous environment. Int J Environ Science Technol 2017;14:2485-94. [DOI:10.1007/s13762-017-1346-7]
23. Manikandan A, Judith Vijaya J, Arul Mary J, Arul Mary J, John Kennedy L, Dinesh A. Structural, optical and magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared by a facile microwave combustion method. J Ind Eng Chem 2014;20:2077-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.jiec.2013.09.035]
24. Mohseni-Bandpi A, Al-Musawi TJ, Ghahramani E, Zarrabi M, Mohebi S, Abdollahi Vahed S. Improvement of zeolite adsorption capacity for cephalexin by coating with magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. J Mol Liq 2016;218:615-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.molliq.2016.02.092]
25. Shokri A, Hassani Joshaghani A. Using microwave along with TiO2 for the degradation of 4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol in aqueous environment. Russ J Appl Chem 2016;89:1985-90. [DOI:10.1134/S1070427216120090]
26. Shokri A, Salimi M, Abmatin N. Employing photo Fenton and UV/ZnO processes for removing reactive red 195 from aqueous environment. Fresenius Environ Bull 2017;26:1560-65.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sabonian M, Mahanpoor K. Photocatalytic Degradation of Dye Pollutant in Synthetic Wastewater by Nano-Fe3O4 Based on Clinoptilolite Zeolite. Arch Hyg Sci. 2021; 10 (1) :1-10
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-397-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2021) Back to browse issues page
Archives of Hygiene Sciences Archives of Hygiene Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.08 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4256