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:: Volume 5, Number 3 (Summer 2016) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2016, 5(3): 192-198 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Bacterial Contamination on Pre Hospital Ambulances in Qom University of Medical Sciences of Iran in 2015
Roohollah Farhadloo, sarallah shojaei, Jalil Goodarzi Fard, Mohammad Azadeh, Mohammad Parvaresh Masoud *, Alireza Shouri Bidgoli, Mostafa Vahedian
Department of Medical Emergency, School of Paramedical, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (446 Views)

Abstract

Background & Aims of the Study: When the issue of the quality of the patient's care is addressed, determination of infection degrees in reference to the quality of such cares has gained a high priority. Therefore, infections in ambulance equipment might play a significant role in reduction of the quality of the hospital cares. This study was conducted wishing to determine bacterial infection degrees in ambulances servicing in pre-hospital emergency medical services of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Materials and Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional study, 132 sampling of the equipments of 12 ambulances were done. Samples were stored on BHI broth as an amplifier for 24 hours. Then, they were introduced to blood agar and Eosin Methylene Blue (EMB) agar culture environments. After 24 hours, negative staphylococcus coagulase and bacillus were specified by different environments, solutions, diagnostic discs, gram staining, catalase test, oxidase test and coagulase test. Then data were analyzed by SPSS16.

Results: The results showed that the highest infection prevalence rate was observed in stretchers (12 samples, 100%) and the lowest in oxygenation moisturizers (1 sample, 8.4%). From infected equipments, in addition, four instruments (37%) were mobile and eight of them (63%) were immobile.

Conclusion: Results indicated that an infection degree of the utensils and instruments which were used in ambulances employed servicing in the Qom Province Medical Emergency Response Center of Iran is high, that might have their roots in non-application of disinfectants for disinfecting ambulance surfaces and equipment. This is a mandatory for healthcare agents to utilize the protective covers, especially medical gloves.

Keywords: Bacterial Infections, Ambulance, Emergency Medical Services, Qom, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 610 kb]   (402 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2016/03/4 | Accepted: 2016/06/25 | Published: 2016/07/14
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Farhadloo R, shojaei S, Goodarzi Fard J, Azadeh M, Parvaresh Masoud M, Shouri Bidgoli A et al . Evaluation of Bacterial Contamination on Pre Hospital Ambulances in Qom University of Medical Sciences of Iran in 2015. Arch Hyg Sci. 2016; 5 (3) :192-198
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-97-en.html
Volume 5, Number 3 (Summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
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