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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2016) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2016, 5(3): 160-165 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Combination of Natural and Artificial Lighting Condition in Primary Schools (Case Study: Baneh City of Kurdistan Province, Iran)
Seyyed alireza Mousavi *, Mohamad Rashid Salehzade, Hosna Janjani
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran
Abstract:   (2632 Views)

Background & Aims of the Study: Promoting the health and safety is an important part of the fundamental mission of schools and one factor in designing and operating schools that always has been important is lighting. As students spend considerable hours in the classroom and school, lighting should be designed appropriately and in accordance with the standards, to protect them from injuries. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the combination of natural and artificial lighting condition in primary schools of Baneh city, Kurdistan, Iran.

Materials & Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. It's population consisted of primary schools in the city of Baneh and 12 schools were randomly selected as samples. Measurement has been done, using observation method in those schools by completing the assessment form. Then collected data were analyzed by SPSS 19, using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis Test.

Results: Results showed that the windows to the floor area in the most of schools classes were in standard range and just in 7 classes, the windows to the floor area ratio were less than standard. ANOVA showed the mean of luminance in those schools in p≤0.05 was significant and most of classes were in range of standard luminance. Comparison of luminance in schools corridors with standard showed that corridors luminance of 3schools were less than standard range.

Conclusions: The amount of luminance in all schools was not appropriate especially in old schools. Therefore, to reduce the effect of inappropriate lightning on health in some classes, it is necessary to redesign the system. Furthermore, for parsimony, the lightning system modification is required to achieve standard luminance which is important.
Keywords: lighting, primary schools, natural light, artificial light, Health school, Iran
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2016/03/10 | Accepted: 2016/06/25 | Published: 2016/07/9
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Mousavi S A, Rashid Salehzade M, Janjani H. Evaluation of Combination of Natural and Artificial Lighting Condition in Primary Schools (Case Study: Baneh City of Kurdistan Province, Iran). Arch Hyg Sci. 2016; 5 (3) :160-165
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-76-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
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