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:: Volume 5, Issue 1 (Winter 2016 2016) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2016, 5(1): 15-21 Back to browse issues page
An estimation of COPD cases and respiratory mortality related to Ground-Level Ozone in the metropolitan Ahvaz during 2011
Sahar Geravandi *, Gholamreza Goudarzi , Ahmad Reza Yari , Esmaeil Idani , Farid Yousefi , Farhad Soltani , Mohammad Javad Mohammadi , Shokrolah Salmanzadeh , Roohangiz Nashibi , Maria Khishdost , Reza Malihi , Farahmand Kalantar
Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch,
Abstract:   (1318 Views)

Background & Aims of the Study :  Ground-Level Ozone (GLO) is the component of one of greatest concern that threatened human health in both developing as well as developed countries. The GLO mainly enters the body through the respiration and can cause decrements in pulmonary complications, eye burning, shortness of breath, coughing, failure of immune defense, decreases forced vital capacity, reduce lung function of the lungs and increase rate of mortality. Ahwaz with high emission air pollutants because of numerous industries is one of the metropolitan Iranian polluted. The aim of this study is evaluate to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and respiratory mortality related to GLO in the air of metropolitan Ahvaz during 2011. Materials & Methods: We used the generalized additive Air Q model for estimation of COPD and respiratory mortality attributed to GLO pollutant. Data of GLO were collected in four monitoring stations Ahvaz Department of Environment. Raw data processing by Excel software and at final step they were converted as input file to the Air Q model for estimate number of COPD Cases and respiratory mortality. Results: According to result this study, The Naderi and Havashenasi had the highest and the lowest GLO concentrations. The results of this study showed that cumulative cases of COPD and respiratory mortality which related to GLO were 34 and 30 persons, respectively. Also, Findings showed that approximately 11 % COPD and respiratory mortality happened when the GLO concentrations was more than 20 μg/m 3 . Conclusions: exposure to GLO pollution has stronger effects on human health in Ahvaz. Findings showed that there were a significant relationship between concentration of GLO and COPD and respiratory mortality. Therefore; the higher ozone pollutant value can depict mismanagement in urban air quality.  

Keywords: Ground-Level Ozone, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, respiratory mortality, Ahwaz, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 299 kb]   (606 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/02/13 | Accepted: 2016/02/23 | Published: 2016/02/23
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Geravandi S, Goudarzi G, Yari A R, Idani E, Yousefi F, Soltani F, et al . An estimation of COPD cases and respiratory mortality related to Ground-Level Ozone in the metropolitan Ahvaz during 2011. Arch Hyg Sci. 2016; 5 (1) :15-21
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-55-en.html
Volume 5, Issue 1 (Winter 2016 2016) Back to browse issues page
Archives of Hygiene Sciences Archives of Hygiene Sciences
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