[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (Autumn 2020) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2020, 9(4): 246-255 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of People in Kermanshah, Iran, toward the Effects of Traffic Noise Pollution on Human Health
Seyyed Alireza Mousavi * , Zainab Amiri , Parastoo Darvishi , Arezoo Mahmoudi , Nader Salari , Danial Nayeri
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Abstract:   (532 Views)
Background & Aims of the Study:  One of the most important harmful factors in big cities is noise, and traffic is regarded as the most important source of noise pollution. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of people in Kermanshah, Iran, regarding the potential effects of noise pollution on their health.
Materials and Methods: A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data from 340 respondents residing in 34 identified stations in the city that were considered urban areas. The questionnaire sought information about knowledge, attitude, and practice level of people in Kermanshah, Iran, regarding the effects of traffic noise pollution on human health in spring 2017.
Results: According to the results, 3.57% of the participants believed that mass media notification could be effective in controlling noise pollution (relatively high and positive); however, only 3.27% of the respondents utilized sound control methods (poor level of performance). Furthermore, 5.21% of the cases highlighted the effectiveness of the first floor of the buildings as a noise reduction factor for other blocks in a building complex (low level of awareness).

Conclusion: Citizens in Kermanshah, Iran, obtained a low level of awareness and performance about the effects of noise pollution; however, they had a much higher and better attitude toward this issue. Accordingly, educational programs should be implemented to increase their levels of awareness and performance.

Keywords: Pollution, Knowledge, Attitude, noise, Kermanshah
Full-Text [PDF 647 kb]   (130 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (204 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2020/04/9 | Accepted: 2020/08/24 | Published: 2020/10/1
1. 1. Ehrampoush MH, Halvani GH, Barkhordari A, Zare M. Noise Pollution in Urban Environments: a Study in Yazd City, Iran. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 2012;21(4).
2. El-Sharkawy MF, Alsubaie A. Study of environmental noise pollution in the university of Dammam campus. Saudi Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 2014;2(3):178. [DOI:10.4103/1658-631X.142532]
3. Banihani Q, Jadaan K. Assessment of road traffic noise pollution at selected sites in Amman, Jordan: Magnitude, control and impact on the community. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering. 2012;6(2):267-78.
4. Subramani T, Kavitha M, Sivaraj K. Modelling of traffic noise pollution. International journal of Engineering research and applications. 2012;2(3):3175-82.
5. Akgüngör AP, Demirel A. Investigating urban traffic based noise pollution in the city of Kirikkale, Turkey. Transport. 2008;23(3):273-8. [DOI:10.3846/1648-4142.2008.23.273-278]
6. Franklin M, Fruin S. The role of traffic noise on the association between air pollution and children's lung function. Environmental research. 2017;157:153-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2017.05.024]
7. Bluhm G, Nordling E, Berglind N. Road traffic noise and annoyance-An increasing environmental health problem. Noise and Health. 2004;6(24):43.
8. Pathak V, Tripathi B, kumar Mishra V. Evaluation of traffic noise pollution and attitudes of exposed individuals in working place. Atmospheric Environment. 2008;42(16):3892-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.12.070]
9. Zaeimdar M, Bahmanpour H. Measurement of environmental pollution in tourism area (case study: noise pollution). Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture. 2014;9(2):741-6.
10. Stansfeld SA, Matheson MP. Noise pollution: non-auditory effects on health. British medical bulletin. 2003;68(1):243-57. [DOI:10.1093/bmb/ldg033]
11. Baliatsas C, van Kamp I, van Poll R, Yzermans J. Health effects from low-frequency noise and infrasound in the general population: Is it time to listen? A systematic review of observational studies. Science of the Total Environment. 2016;557:163-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.03.065]
12. Auger N, Duplaix M, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Lo E, Smargiassi A. Environmental noise pollution and risk of preeclampsia. Environmental Pollution. 2018;239:599-606. [DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.04.060]
13. Goines L, Hagler L. Noise pollution: a modern plague. SOUTHERN MEDICAL JOURNAL-BIRMINGHAM ALABAMA-. 2007;100(3):287. [DOI:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3180318be5]
14. Al-Mutairi N, Al-Rukaibi F, Koushki P. Measurements and model calibration of urban traffic noise pollution. American Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2009;5(5):613. [DOI:10.3844/ajessp.2009.613.617]
15. Savale P. Effect of noise pollution on human being: Its prevention and control. Journal of Environmental Research and Development. 2014;8(4).
16. Zahedi L, Sizemore E, Malcolm S, Grossniklaus E, Nwosu O. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding cervical cancer and screening among Haitian health care workers. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2014;11(11):11541-52. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph111111541]
17. ALAEE TM, Sanjary F, Jalilian A. Optimized siting municipal solid waste landfill for Kermanshah city using experimental method and based on the regional geomorphologic characteristics. 2010.
18. Mirzaei R, ANSARI MA, Mohammadi M, Rakhshani F, Salmanpor M. NOISE POLLUTION IN ZAHEDAN AND RESIDENTS'KNOWLEDGE ABOUT NOISE POLLUTION. 2012. [DOI:10.5812/jhs.4544]
19. Alesheikh AA, Omidvari M. Application of GIS in urban traffic noise pollution. International Journal of Occupational Hygiene. 2010:79-84.
20. Rus RM, Daud A, Musa KI, Naing L. Knowledge, attitude and practice of sawmill workers towards noise-induced hearing loss in kota bharu, kelantan. The Malaysian journal of medical sciences: MJMS. 2008;15(4):28.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mousavi S A, Amiri Z, Darvishi P, Mahmoudi A, Salari N, Nayeri D. Investigation of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of People in Kermanshah, Iran, toward the Effects of Traffic Noise Pollution on Human Health. Arch Hyg Sci. 2020; 9 (4) :246-255
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-448-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 4 (Autumn 2020) Back to browse issues page
Archives of Hygiene Sciences Archives of Hygiene Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4256