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:: Volume 1, Number 1 (Summer 2012 2012) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2012, 1(1): 19-12 Back to browse issues page
Status, Restrictions and Suggested Approaches in Wastewater Management in Rural Areas of Iran
Mohammad Fahiminia *, Mohammad Farrokhi, Mohammad Talebi, Gholamali Memary, Mehdi Fazlzadeh Davil
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
Abstract:   (734 Views)

 Aims of the Study: The objective of this study was to appraise wastewater management approaches in rural areas of Iran, restrictions, effects on environment and also definition of suitable management approaches in wastewater for future. Materials &

Methods: This descriptive study was performed in 2010 in rural areas of Iran. A questionnaire was prepared with subjects such as available management approaches on wastewater, suggested approaches on collecting wastewater and its final disposal and was sent to rural area’s wastewater companies in each province. Study results of 4588 rural areas of Iran (with above 200 families) were collected.

Results were analyzed using mean and percentage. Results: The current available management systems were mainly based on absorption wells. The main problem in this system was high ground water levels, and low permeability of soil. The most important current problem of the absorbing wells was considerable damaging effects on surface and ground water.

Conclusions: The current wastewater management in rural areas especially in the field of wastewater collection was improper and undesirable. To overcome the current problem, it is necessary to use collecting methods relative to that of region. Considerable attention is required for the application of reused wastewater in agriculture.

Keywords: Environment Protection, Iran, Rural Areas, Sewage Management, Wastewater Management, Approaches, Wastewater, Collecting, Wastewater, Disposal
Full-Text [PDF 169 kb]   (307 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/02/13 | Accepted: 2016/02/23 | Published: 2016/02/23
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Fahiminia M, Farrokhi M, Talebi M, Memary G, Fazlzadeh Davil M. Status, Restrictions and Suggested Approaches in Wastewater Management in Rural Areas of Iran. Arch Hyg Sci. 2012; 1 (1) :19-12
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-3-en.html
Volume 1, Number 1 (Summer 2012 2012) Back to browse issues page
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