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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2016) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2016, 5(3): 179-183 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Individual and Organizational Variables on Patient Safety Culture (PSC): A Case Study on Nurses
Mohammad Khandan , Alireza Koohpaei , Fatemeh Babaki
Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Health School, Work Health Research Centre, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Abstract:   (1273 Views)

Background & Aims of the Study: The purpose of the hospital accreditation program is to improve the patients' safety. Prevention of mistakes in medical procedures, patients' safety risk identification and infection prevention besides the patients' safety culture (PSC) are the key factors that must be considered in a successful patients' safety program.This study aimed to assess PSC and its association with demographic factors among nurses of a hospital in Qom, Iran.

Materials & Methods: This research as a descriptive-analytical andcross-sectional study on the effect of individual and organizational variables on patients' safety culture among nurses was conducted in 2015. The final sample included 106 employees from one of the hospitals located in Qom province of Iran. The questionnaires consisted demographic questions and a valid questionnaire about patients' safety culture. T-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation were conducted to analyze the data by SPSS V20.

Results:The age of nurses was 35.15±10.33 (Mean±SD) years. Results showed that the patients' safety climate scoreamongnurseswas 70.15±7.23. In addition, there are significant differences between groups of work shift and also education levels in the viewpoints of patients' safety (p<0.05); but, other variables were not different (P>0.05).

Conclusions: Although, based on our finding,considered hospital had a suitable situation of patients' safety culture, but it is important to pay attention to continuous improvement in the scope of health care workers and patient safety to achieve criticalmission and visions of organizing. Job selection on the basis of demographic considerations and implementation of an accreditation plan for health care systems are two examples of how occupational safety and health tools can be used to provide quality improvement information for health care organizations such as hospitals.
Keywords: Health care system, Culture, Accreditation, Nurses, patient safety, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 330 kb]   (368 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Occuptional Health
Received: 2016/03/5 | Accepted: 2016/06/27 | Published: 2016/07/9
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Khandan M, Koohpaei A, Babaki F. The Effect of Individual and Organizational Variables on Patient Safety Culture (PSC): A Case Study on Nurses. Arch Hyg Sci. 2016; 5 (3) :179-183
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-158-en.html
Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
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