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:: Volume 4, Number 1 (Winter 2015 2015) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2015, 4(1): 41-48 Back to browse issues page
Estimation of the Concentration of Diazinon Pesticide in Drinking Water Resources in Summer Areas of Mashhad, Iran
Zohre Moghiseh *, Ali Asghar Najafpoor, Mohammad Hassanzadeh, Habibollah Esmaily, Hosein Alidadi
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (284 Views)

Background & Aims of the Study: Torqabeh and Shandiz are the two most well-known areas among the varied summer areas of Mashhad. The climate of these areas is appropriate for the development of agriculture and gardening and attracting tourists. Hence, maintaining the safety of drinking water is necessary in these areas. This study was carried out to investigate the diazinon concentration in drinking water resources (groundwater) in the summer areas of Mashhad city.

Materials & Methods: Sixty water samples, with the volume of 250 ml, were gathered from 10 wells and springs in the villages of Shandiz and Torqabeh in two seasons. The liquid-liquid extraction was performed using dichloromethane solvent and the concentrations were measured using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) system (KNAUER model) which was equipped with UV detector. The data were analyzed by SPSS software (Version 16). A probability level of P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The data were compared to the standards of WHO and EPA.

Results: A linear relationship between concentration and peak area was obtained within the range of 0.05 to 2 ppb with R2 (Correlation coefficient) values greater than 0.99. Recoveries for spiked water samples with six diazinon standards in 0.05 to 2 ranged from 79.63 to 110.90% (with an average of 92.80±12.12). The results indicated that diazinon wasn’t detectable in the springs of the studied areas while the wells of Torqabeh (with an average concentration of 0.82 µg/l) were contaminated more than the wells of Shandiz (with an average concentration of 0.48 µg/l), measured by HPLC. The maximum and minimum of contamination were observed in the villages of Veyrani1 and Nochah, respectively, measured by HPLC.

Conclusions:  The concentration of diazinon in Shandiz and Torqabeh areas was higher than standard limits of WHO (0.1 µg/l) and EPA (9×10-6 mg/l). Also, the average concentration of diazinon in Torqabeh (0.61 µg/l) was higher than that in Shandiz (0.48 µg/l) and the contamination in wells was observed to be more (0.59 µg/l) than springs.

Keywords: Diazinon, pesticide, HPLC, water resources, summer areas, Mashhad
Full-Text [PDF 552 kb]   (114 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/25 | Accepted: 2016/06/25 | Published: 2016/06/25
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Moghiseh Z, Najafpoor A A, Hassanzadeh M, Esmaily H, Alidadi H. Estimation of the Concentration of Diazinon Pesticide in Drinking Water Resources in Summer Areas of Mashhad, Iran. Arch Hyg Sci. 2015; 4 (1) :41-48
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-152-en.html
Volume 4, Number 1 (Winter 2015 2015) Back to browse issues page
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