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:: Volume 4, Number 2 ( Spring 2015 2015) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2015, 4(2): 109-113 Back to browse issues page
Fluoride Content of Bottled Drinking Water Available in North West of Iran
Reza Fouladi Fard, Nezam Mirzaei *, Ahmad Reza Yari, Hiua Daraei, Hossein Kamani, Mohammad Ahmadpour
bEnvironmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (506 Views)

Background: Consumption of bottled waters has received popularity and more acceptances. Fluoride is necessary for human life. But high levels of fluoride can cause some problems for human health such as Fluorosis and teeth and bones problems. The aim of this study is measure the fluoride content in bottled waters consumed in North West of Iran and comparison with the amount listed on their labels and with the drinking water standards.

Methods: In this study, 10 brands of bottled water were sampled from markets over the two seasons randomly. Samples were analyzed for fluoride using Ion Chromatography (IC) method.

Results: Results showed that fluoride concentration in different brands had a significant difference (P <0.05). The concentration of fluoride in samples ranged between 0.04 and 0.32 mg/L. Among analyzed selected brands four brands were observed significant differences with the measured values.

Conclusion:  Totally the measured values didn’t match with the values declared on the labels (Reliability coefficient <0). It was revealed that fluoride concentration in all brands was less than the lower range of Iranian national standard (0.7-1.2 mg/lit).

Keywords: Bottled water, Fluoride, Drinkingwater, Health effects, Standard
Full-Text [PDF 401 kb]   (193 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/2 | Accepted: 2016/06/2 | Published: 2016/06/2
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Fouladi Fard R, Mirzaei N, Yari A R, Daraei H, Kamani H, Ahmadpour M. Fluoride Content of Bottled Drinking Water Available in North West of Iran. Arch Hyg Sci. 2015; 4 (2) :109-113
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-143-en.html
Volume 4, Number 2 ( Spring 2015 2015) Back to browse issues page
Archives of Hygiene Sciences Archives of Hygiene Sciences
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