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Arch Hyg Sci 2013, 2(2): 62-72 Back to browse issues page
Cardiopulmonary Mortalities and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Attributed to Ozone Air Pollution
Gholamreza Goudarzi, Elahe Zallaghi *, Abdolkazem Neissi, Kambiz Ahmadi Ankali, Azadeh Saki, Babaei Ali Akbar, Nadali Alavi, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1872 Views)

Background & Aims of the Study: Ozone is a summer pollutant which can cause respiratory complications, eye burning sensation and failure of immune defense against infectious diseases. Ahvaz city (southwestern Iran) is one of the seven polluted Iranian metropolises. In this study we examined the health impacts of ozone pollution in Ahvaz city during years 2010 and 2011.

Materials & Methods: The health effects of ozone pollution in Ahvaz estimated by determining mortality and morbidity, and incidence of diseases attributed to the ozone, i.e., cardiopulmonary mortalities and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using Air Quality Model. Ozone data were taken from Ahvaz Department of Environment (ADoE). Conversion between volumetric and gravimetric units (correction of temperature and pressure), coding, processing (averaging) and filtering were implemented.

Results: Sum of accumulative cases of mortalities attributed to ozone was 358 cases in 2010 and 276 cases in 2011. Cardiovascular and respiratory mortality attributed to ozone were 118 and 31 persons, respectively; which revealed a considerable reduction compared to those values in 2010. Number of cases for hospital admissions due to COPD was 35 in 2011, while it was 45 cases in 2010. The concentration of ozone in 2011 was lower than that of 2010 and this is why both mortalities and morbidities of 2011 attributed to ozone pollutant had decreased when compared to those values of 2010.

Conclusions: Mortality and morbidity attributed to ozone concentrations in 2011 were lower than those of 2010. The most important reason was less concentration in ground level ozone of 2011 than that of 2010 in Ahvaz city air.

Keywords: Ahvaz, Iran, Air Quality (Air Q) Model, Cardiac, Chronic Obstructive, Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Full-Text [PDF 473 kb]   (393 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2016/05/14 | Accepted: 2016/05/14 | Published: 2016/05/14
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Goudarzi G, Zallaghi E, Neissi A, Ahmadi Ankali K, Saki A, Ali Akbar B, et al . Cardiopulmonary Mortalities and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Attributed to Ozone Air Pollution. Arch Hyg Sci. 2013; 2 (2) :62-72
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-125-en.html

Volume 2, Issue 2 (Spring 2013 2013) Back to browse issues page
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