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:: Volume 1, Issue 2 (Autumn 2012 2012) ::
Arch Hyg Sci 2012, 1(2): 54-58 Back to browse issues page
Detection of Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Isolated Bacteria from a Hospital
Saeedeh Naseri *, Saeed Shams , Ali Hashemi
Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (515 Views)

Background & Aims of the Study: Antibiotic resistance is an important problem in health
care. The aim of this study was the survey of prevalence of bacteria isolated in a university
affiliated hospital (Kerman, Iran) and detection of antibiotic resistance among major
pathogens.
Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, during a 3-year period (from June
2006 to June 2009) 14699 samples such as urine, blood, sputum, and cerebrospinal fluid
obtained from patients hospitalized in a university affiliated hospital (Kerman, Iran). After
isolation and identification of bacteria using standard microbiologic methods, antibiotic
resistance testing was performed with the diffusion-disk method for several antibiotics.
Results: A total of 1910 (12.15%) specimens were positive for bacterial contamination.
The cultures most positive cases were from urine specimen (67.75%). The majority of
frequent microorganisms isolated were E. coli (41.52%), Staphylococcus aureus (17.96%),
Klebsiella pneumoniae (9.48%), Staphylococcus coagulase-negative (8.27%), and
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7.49%), respectively. The high rate of resistance of E. coli was
related to amoxicillin (70.36%), Staphylococcus aureus to oxacillin (66.76%), Klebsiella
pneumoniae to amoxicillin (62.76%), Staphylococcus coagulase-negative to penicillin
(74.68%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to cefotaxime (71.32%).
Conclusions: We found that antimicrobial resistance is a problem of our hospital. The high
consumption of antibiotic in the community can be a cause of a major problem in treatment.

Keywords: Anti-Bacterial Agents, Antibiotics, Bacterial infections, Cross Infection, Drug Resistance, Hospitals, Iran, Kerman, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Nosocomial Infections
Full-Text [PDF 224 kb]   (309 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/05/12 | Accepted: 2016/05/12 | Published: 2016/05/12
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Naseri S, Shams S, Hashemi A. Detection of Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Isolated Bacteria from a Hospital. Arch Hyg Sci. 2012; 1 (2) :54-58
URL: http://jhygiene.muq.ac.ir/article-1-119-en.html
Volume 1, Issue 2 (Autumn 2012 2012) Back to browse issues page
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